5 Common Causes of Roof Damage Every Homeowner Should Know

Roof Damage

Roof damage can cause you, the homeowner, thousands of dollars in repairs or even a full roof replacement. In addition to roof damage, it can cost you additional money in repairs to the interior of your home such as damaged drywall if leaks develop.

Unfortunately, visible signs of damage often go undetected for months. By the time that you notice telltale signs like moisture stains in your ceiling, the damage is done.
But how can you prevent roof damage? Knowing the main causes of roof damage can help you prepare to beat the odds. Read on to see learn about the 5 most common causes of roof damage


# Not Maintaining Your Roof

You should be inspecting your roof for damage regularly. Homeowners skip this chore because they either don’t know they should do this, or because it really is a time-consuming task. Fortunately, you don’t need to be too obsessive as an annual inspection and maintenance is all that it should take to keep your roof maintained.

Check for necessary repairs to roof elements such as:

  • The caulking around the flashing. Make sure there are no cracks. If there are, pull out the caulking and run a fresh bead.
  • Replacement of missing or loose shingles.
  • Shingles that need to be replaced due to curling or warping.
  • Moss growth which indicates an underlying moisture issue. Note: this is probably not a DIY project! It is an indicator that roof replacement time is nearing.

# Tree Damage

Trees are beautiful and functional additions to the landscape. They cleanse the air and cool down your home by providing much-needed shade in the summer months.

Those same majestic trees, however, can wreak havoc on your rooftop. When they become so large that their branches extend over your roof, they can scrape across your shingles during wind or storms. This can cause destruction of your shingles. In the most extreme cases, the limbs can snap off of the tree and penetrate the roof entirely.

Keep tree limbs trimmed far from your roof to help prevent this roof damage.

# Clogged Gutters

Gutters do the important job of collecting water from rain and melting snow or ice and ejecting it away from your house. This prevents roof damage from moisture.

So, clogged gutters are a real issue for your roof. They cause ice dams to form in the winter months which can cause shingle damage. In warmer climates, allow moist leaves to cause the gutters to backup and cause water damage to your home.

Check your gutters quarterly for leaves, twigs and debris, and insect or bird nests that can cause clogs. Unclog the gutters whenever you spot potential sources of clogs.

# Mother Nature

Frequently, roof damage is caused by things that are beyond our control. High winds can lift shingles and send them hurtling to the ground below. Hailstorms can cause pitting that eventually deteriorate.

You have no control over Mother Nature. However, an inspection after a windstorm or hailstorm is a must. Check over your roof and report damage to your insurance company. Leaving your sheathing exposed to the elements is not an option!

# Poor Attic Ventilation

Poor attic ventilation is perhaps the most common cause of damage to your roof. Proper ventilation ensures that warm air exits the attic space and cool air gets drawn in. Without this ventilation, both heat and moisture can accumulate. This can lead to damage to your roof. In addition, the rafters that support your roof can become warped which creates a dangerous structural condition. Also, molds and mildews can begin to form in the attic and lead to health issues as well as roof damage.

# Prevent Roof Damage

You can’t get from Point A to Point B without a map. Likewise, you can’t prevent roof damage if you don’t understand what causes it to happen! Armed with the knowledge of the root causes of damage to your roof, you can now take steps to repair your roof before it becomes irreparable.

Author Bio: Deborah Tayloe is a DIY blogger and prolific guest blogger. She regularly contributes to Gutterbrush. When she’s not writing about DIY, she’s living it as she restores her 50-year-old North Carolina home.